Pudarnya Budaya Baca Indonesia

Bukan korupsi, tapi bencana nasional. Namun bukan gempa dan sebagainya, tapi ini tentang budaya. Namun bukan tarian dan sejenisnya, melainkan sebuah kebiasaan. Kebiasaan itu adalah membaca.

Ini sebuah bencana nasional. Bagaimana tidak, ketika sebuh negara besar seperrti Indonesia memiliki budaya baca yang rendah, kapan kita akan menjadi negara maju. Bayangkan kawan UNESCO mencatat pada 2012 mencatat indeks minat baca di Indonesia baru mencapai 0,001. Artinya dalam setiap 1.000 orang, hanya ada satu orang yang punya minat membaca. Sedangkan UNDP merilis angka melek huruf orang dewasa Indonesia hanya 65,5 %, sementara Malaysia sudah mencapai 86,4 %. (Sumber : http://www.republika.co.id/)
Ada yang salah. Apa yang salah? Mungkinkah SDM – nya, fasilitasnya, kemudahan, atau ekonomi? Semuanya satu kesatuan. Lihat saja data di atas. Hanya 1 dari 1000 orang Indonesia yang punya minat baca. Jumlah penduduk Indonesia pada tahun 2013 diperkirakan sebanyak 250 juta jiwa. Artinya hanya ada sekitar 250.000 orang yang membaca. Kemana selebihnya? Pelajar yang seharusnya banyak membaca malahan hanyut dibawa arus globalisasi.
Bagaimana dengan fasilitas? Jumlah perpustakaan yang ada di Indonesia saat ini hanya 2.585 perpustakaan. Jika dihitung secara rasional dengan penduduk Indonesia, maka satu perpustakaan umum harus sanggup melayani 85 ribu penduduk. Menurut data Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perpustakaan Nasional baru-baru ini, dari 64.000 desa yang ada di Indonesia, ternyata yang mempunyai perpustakaan hanya 22%. Sedangkan Jumlah unit perpustakaan di berbagai departemen dan perusahaan baru sekitar 31%. Rendahnya minat baca di kalangan siswa pun tidak terlepas dari persoalan perpustakaan sekolah yang tidak mencukupi dan memadai. Hal ini terlihat dari 110 ribu sekolah yang ada di Indonesia teridentifikasi hanya 18% yang mempunyai perpustakaan.Dari 200 ribu unit Sekolah Dasar di Indonesia, hanya 20 ribu yang memiliki perpustakaan standar. Demikian pula dengan SLTP, dari 70 ribu unit SLTP, hanya 36% yang memenuhi standar. Untuk SLTA, hanya 54% yang punya perpustakaan berkualitas standar.Sementara itu, dari 4 ribu Perguruan Tinggi di Indonesia, hanya 60% yang memenuhi standar. Sedangkan dari sekitar 1.000 instansi diperkirakan baru 80-90% yang memiliki perpustakaan dengan kualitas standar. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perpustakaan Nasional menyebutkan bahwa dari 3.000 jumlah SD dan SLTP di Indonesia, hanya 5% yang memiliki perpustakaan.
Bagaimana dengan tingkat ekonomi? Ya, pendapatan masyarakat Indonesia yang “pas – pasan” tidak memungkinkan untuk membeli buku. Tapi menurut saya, hal itu bisa di atasi. Seiring kemajuan teknologi, dunia ini semakin sempit. Dalam waktu beberapa detik saja, kita sudah bisa berselancar ke Amerika dan Negara lainnya. Internet bisa jadi solusi tepat. Namun permasalah muncul kembali, tidak semua orang dapat mengakses internet.
 Banyak permasalah yang terjadi pada minat baca masyarakat kita. Andaikan saja kita memiliki niat baca yang besar, tak somnbong rasanya jika kita bisa lebih maju dari Jepang dalam berbagai bidang. Andaikan minat baca kita menggebu – gebu, saya percaya tingkat kriminalitas berkurang. Andai saja,,ya andai saja.Lantas, apa solusi yang tepat? Mengingat banyaknya faktor pendukung yang menyebabkan minat baca masih rendah. Solusinya adalah mulai menanamkan jiwa baca pada diri masing – masing. Jadikan membaca menjadi suatu kebutuhan yang harus dipenuhi.
 Mari bersama – sama, kita tingkatkan minat baca kita. Bersama – sama kita bisa. Toh ini juga untuk bangsa tercinta. Malu kan,, bangsa sebesar ini dengan kekayaan yang tiada tara harus menderita karena ulah masyarakatnya sendiri. Salah satu faktornya ya ini, minat baca.
Semoga bermanfaat…………

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